The (αhν)2 versus
hν plot is shown in the inset in Figure 4. This plot is known as a Tauc plot. The analysis of the absorption spectrum obtained for our samples shows that the spectral variation of the absorption coefficient that is within the selleck chemicals llc fundamental absorption region can be fitted by Equation 1. However, when n = 3/2, 2, and 3, the band gap energies were found to be a negative number, which is not physically reasonable. The inset in Figure 4 shows the (αhν)2 against hν plot. The absorption spectra of ZTO nanowires as n = 1/2, which is the allowed direct transition for these nanowires, fit the relationship of (αhν)2. In this inset figure, we observed that the curve has an obvious straight line fit from 4.0 to 4.5 eV. This result indicates that the optical energy gap is a direct transition. The band gap energy (E g ) of ZTO nanowires with a diameter of about 60 nm PU-H71 is estimated to be 3.7 eV as n = 1/2 for extrapolation. Nanocrystals of ZTO were synthesized by the hydrothermal method . A mixture of ZnSO4 · 6H2O and SnCl4 · 5H2O was used as the starting material that was then dissolved into distilled water. The NaOH solution was then dropped into the
above solution under magnetic stirring for 15 min. The resulting precipitates were collected by centrifugation at 3,000 rpm, thoroughly rinsed with distilled water and ethanol, and dried at 80°C in an oven for 5 h. The particle sizes of ZTO nanocrystals were calculated to be about 100 to 150 nm. The optical band gaps of various ZTO nanocrystals were between 3.69 and 3.73 eV. In addition, ZTO acetylcholine nanoparticles were synthesized by the hydrothermal process . In a previous study, ZnCl2 and SnCl4 · 5H2O were added to a water/ethylene glycol solvent under magnetic stirring. Then, an n-butylamine aqueous solution was then dropped into the solution and stirred for 0.5 h. Finally, the product was dried in air at 60°C for 10 h. The as-prepared ZTO nanoparticles had a band gap of 3.7 eV. Moreover, single-crystalline ZTO nanorods were prepared by the hydrothermal process with the use of hydrazine hydrate as an alkaline mineralizer instead
of NaOH or NH3 · H2O . Previous studies created a product consisting of rod-like nanostructures of 2 to 4 nm in diameter, called 5-nm ZTO nanorods. The optical band gap of the nanorods was found to be 3.87 eV. Consequently, the band gap energy of ZTO nanowires in this study is between the smallest band gap energy (3.69 eV) and the largest band gap energy (3.87 eV). This band gap energy of ZTO nanowires is reasonable with references [12–15]. ZTO thin films have been widely used in fabricating semiconductor gas sensors [16, 17]. Yet, gas sensors prepared from 1D nanostructure ZTO have rarely been reported. To our knowledge, TSA HDAC mw because of its high surface-to-volume ratio, the 1D nanostructure is more sensitive than the thin film material.