Thrombosis beyond the distal clamp was not seen. A comparative trial to standard anticoagulation is warranted. (J Vasc Surg 2010;52: 369-74.)”
“Orthostatic changes induce temporary loss of circulatory regulation. Feedback systems
react to cardiovascular alterations to compensate for the instability. To clarify the existence of anticipatory cardiovascular regulation during active find more standing, we continuously recorded blood flow velocity (BFV) in the common carotid artery and cerebral blood volume (CBV) in healthy men. The maximum BFV value decreased significantly before standing in the reaction-time condition. The decrease significantly correlated with the change in systolic blood pressure that accompanies upright standing from a supine position. The anticipatory BFV decrease disappeared during self-paced standing, and all BFV parameters significantly declined after the self-paced standing. The CBV recording showed a significant
increase in oxyhemoglobin levels before standing in the reaction-time condition. Our study suggests that some feed-forward cardiovascular regulation triggered by central command could be activated before standing, and it may play a functional role in the maintenance of cerebral perfusion during standing. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objective: With increased use of subintimal angioplasty (SIA), the role of reintervention after recurrence is currently unknown. To more clearly define the technical feasibility, patency, and clinical outcomes of reinterventions after SIA, we reviewed our cumulative experience.
Bindarit A retrospective review of patient information (including demographics, indications, procedures, noninvasive arterial studies, and postprocedural events) was performed on those patients undergoing reintervention after a primary subintimal angioplasty in the infrainguinal (-)-p-Bromotetramisole Oxalate vessels. Continuous and noncontinuous data were compared using the Student t-test and the z test, respectively. Patency was calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Survival curves were compared using log-rank and Wilcoxon testing for univariate analysis and Cox hazard-regression analysis for multivariate analysis.
Results: From December 2002, through July 2006, 495 SIAs were performed for infrainguinal disease in 482 patients. Of this cohort, 121 patients (25%) required 188 consecutive reinterventions. Each patient underwent an average of 1.5 +/- 0.8 (range, 1-7) reinterventions during this study. We analyzed only the outcomes of 124 consecutive, first reinterventions. Mean interval time between primary SIA and the first reintervention was 7.8 +/- 6.8 months (range, 1 day-31 months). Indications for reintervention were clinical only (recurrence of symptoms or worsening exam), diagnostics only (recurrence based on peripheral vascular lab studies), or both in 18%, 25%, and 52% of patients, respectively. Technical success was achieved in 94% (n = 117) of the procedures.