QoL was assessed before treatment and at 12 weeks using the European MK-8776 supplier Organization for Research
and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and an accompanying prostate cancer-specific module (QLQ-PR25). Results. Eighty-nine of 104 patients (85.6%) completed the 12 week study. Eighty-six of 89 patients (96.6%) achieved and maintained medical castration. The results of the EORTC QLQ-C30 indicated that patients experienced an improvement in global health status/QoL (p < 0.001), despite a deterioration in physical and role functioning (p = 0.012 and p = 0.007, respectively). The symptom scales indicated a statistically significant improvement in appetite (p = 0.003). The results of the QLQ-PR25 revealed that patients experienced an increase in hot flushes (p < 0.001) and erection problems and uncomfortable sexual intimacy among the sexual ALK inhibitor functioning items (p = 0.030 and p = 0.023, respectively), but day-time urinary frequency was improved (p = 0.004). Conclusion. The results of this prospective study indicate that leuprolide acetate treatment was accompanied by improvements in global health status/QoL, despite a deterioration in physical, role and sexual function.”
The Living with COPD (LCOPD), COPD and Asthma Fatigue Scale (CAFS), and COPD and Asthma Sleep Impact Scale (CASIS) are instruments developed to assess the overall impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on daily life, fatigue, and sleep impairment, respectively. Objectives: To assess the usefulness of these instruments and to identify factors associated with the concepts they measure. Method: The questionnaires were administered to patients with moderate to severe COPD. Descriptive analyses of sociodemographic and clinical data were performed, and bivariate ABT-263 and multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with the overall impact of COPD on patients’
lives, fatigue, and sleep impairment. Results: A total of 408 patients was included (mostly males, 91.2%), with an average age of 68 years (SD = 9.3). Statistically significant differences were observed in the scores of the three questionnaires with regard to level of education, presence of chronic cough or expectoration, level of dyspnea, number of exacerbations, physical activity level, presence of depression and anxiety, and number of treatments indicated for COPD. The LCOPD and CAFS questionnaires also discriminated between different levels of airflow obstruction and, in the case of CAFS, age and gender. Linear regression showed that level of dyspnea, physical activity, and presence of anxiety were significantly related to the LCOPD, CAFS and CASIS scores. The presence of depression was significant in the LCOPD and CAFS questionnaires and chronic cough was significant in the CAFS questionnaire.