5% and porcelain aorta in 7 5% of patients Fourteen asymptomatic

5% and porcelain aorta in 7.5% of patients. Fourteen asymptomatic patients (pts) (5.9%) remained in follow-up, 77 (32%) underwent surgical AVR, 64 (26.7%) underwent transcatheter valve implantation, 28 (11.6%) underwent balloon valvuloplasty and 57 (23.8%), despite symptoms, remained on medical therapy alone.\n\nConclusions: Comorbidities and coexisting cardiac diseases are very common in AS and 3MA may strongly influence the decision-making process. (C) 2011

Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The cellular composition of crescents in glomerular disease is controversial. The role of podocytes in crescent formation has been especially difficult to study because podocytes typically lose their characteristic terminally differentiated phenotype under disease conditions, making them difficult to identify.

We reasoned that the intermediate filament protein nestin, a marker of progenitor cells that has recently been identified in podocytes, may allow the investigation of Danusertib podocyte involvement in glomerular crescents. In a series of 35 biopsies with crescentic glomerular disease, all showed nestin-positive cells in the crescents, ranging in number from occasional to approximately 50% of crescent cells. Other podocyte markers, such as podocin and WT1, failed to identify cells in crescents, and no contribution by endothelial or myogenic cells was noted. CD68-positive cells were observed in 80% of cases

but were never as numerous as the nestin-positive cells. Nestin and CD68 were not coexpressed by the same cells, providing no evidence of trans-differentiation of podocytes into a macrophage phenotype. Keratin-positive cells were found in crescents in 51% of cases, but only as occasional cells. Up to one third of crescent cells were cycling in 48% of biopsies, and double immunostaining identified these cells as a mixture of nestin-positive https://www.selleckchem.com/products/pnd-1186-vs-4718.html cells and ” null ” cells (negative for nestin, CD68, and keratin). In addition to our observations in human disease, we also identified nestin-positive proliferating podocytes in the crescents of 2 mouse models of crescentic glomerulonephritis. We conclude that podocytes play a role in the formation of glomerular crescents.”
“The structure of a complex between a fragment of the adhesin GspB from Streptococcus gordonii and a disaccharide (PDB entries 3qd1 and 4i8e) has recently been proposed to identify the binding site for the sialyl-T antigen recognized by GspB. This structure exhibits numerous unrealistic and unusual features such as an excessive number of van der Waals clashes and a lack of correlation between atomic structure and experimental electron density. Here, it is shown that the crystallographic data can be fully explained by an alternative model, namely replacing the disaccharide with a buffer molecule.

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